12 Month Milestones
12 Month Milestones
Happy First Birthday, Baby! A year has gone by and the baby has changed and learned so much! Her thinking, Developmental Milestones, and learning skills are growing every day.
1. Cognitive Development
- At 12 months, your baby can copy sounds and actions you make.
- Your baby is learning by copying you.
- Your baby shows her thinking skills when she accomplishes simple goals, like seeing a toy and deciding to crawl over and get it, or dropping a toy into a container and then retrieving it.
- Memory is growing too. She will look for an object she watched fall out of sight and try to find it.
- Babies enjoy throwing objects just for fun, with no particular purpose. While this can be annoying to parents, it is a stage all babies go through.
- A one-year-old baby will show interest in her favorite story by listening and pointing when a familiar item is named.
2. Social and Emotional Development
- Your baby is becoming more and more aware of the emotions of others.
- She smiles when she sees a smiling face or cries if someone seems sad or upset.
- One-year-olds show affection to familiar adults.
- At one, your baby is likely to be distressed or anxious when you leave them.
- Many babies show apprehension about strangers.
- While they are interested in watching other children they will not be able to cooperate in their play.
3. Large and Small Muscle Development
- Large muscles or gross motor skills refer to movements of the large muscles in the body that have helped your baby learn to roll, sit and crawl.
- By one, a baby can sit well without support and will crawl on hands and knees.
- He may be pulling himself to stand or take steps holding onto furniture and can walk with one handheld.
- Some babies are taking their first steps or even walking by 12 months of age.
- There is a great difference when babies accomplish these milestones.
- You will need to look at your home again very carefully and be sure there are no dangers.
- Your baby’s increasing abilities to use his hands and fingers are called fine motor development.
- Fine motor skills are used when a baby picks up smaller objects using her index finger and thumb to grab an object.
- She will be able to hold two objects in one hand.
- With improved small motor skills babies can use a finger to point or poke place small blocks in and take them out of the container, knock two wood blocks together, and feed themselves finger food.
4. 12 Month Milestones for Language
What should baby say at 12 months?
- At one year of age, a baby will be making many sounds and repeating sounds he hears.
- And babble away as if he was having a conversation.
- This is the age when the first words are heard.
- When asked, a one-year-old may be able to point to a body part or a picture in a book. “This is what he usually does.”
- Your one-year-old tries to talk by getting your attention and then using sounds to talk.
- Pointing will be one of your baby’s new ways to get her message across.
- Pointing is a powerful and effective form of communication.
- By one, a baby raises her arms when she wants to be picked up.
- She understands simple requests.
12-Month-Old Toddlers Activities
There are a lot of things you can do to help your baby grow and learn. An important way is to give your baby plenty of love and attention.
Some ways you can support your child’s development are to:
1. points to or says the car, you can say, “the car is driving down the street.”
2. Name the people places and things that your child sees every day.”
“That’s a bunny hopping away.”
3. Give your baby a variety of containers and safe toys to play with.
4. Give your baby a safe place to move around.
5. Spend time every day hugging and cuddling.
Sometimes babies aren’t developing as typically expected
These signs indicate that your baby may not be developing as other 12-month-old children:
1. when she is not interested in playing;
2. doesn’t react to loud noises or turn toward you when you speak;
3. doesn’t make a range of sounds;
4. is not pointing as a way to show you what he’s interested in;
5. is not moving about by crawling or scooting;
6. is not trying to stand up; or can’t walk when her hand is held.
If you have concerns about your baby’s development, contact your health care provider.