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“Development refers to the set of temporally arrow steps that lead a living organism, or social organization, from an elementary primitive state to a more elaborate and more complex, provisional or definitive state”
List of stages of development of physical, cognitive, language, social and emotional skills of children in a specific model age sequential, and they explain each new achievement as a step progression Previous.
They are useful for parents and pediatricians as a guide to the typical progression of children’s skills at each stage of development, from childhood, toddler, preschool and school age, to puberty and adolescence.
However, most development milestone maps emphasize that individual children reach specific milestones at different rates and ages. Therefore the skill level cannot always follow the sequence that is given.
The milestones of physical development for physical development describe the realization of the overall motor skills and fine motor skills. Overall traction requires the use of large muscle groups, such as the neck, back, arms and legs.
For example, between the ages of 6 to 9 months, babies to the physical ability to sit without help. Fine motor skills refer to the ability of the child to control their hands and fingers, allowing them to make precise movements, such as picking up objects.
The simultaneous development of children’s eye-hand coordination skills promotes their realization of physical steps, such as the ability to feed and dress independently.
Cognitive skills are those associated with learning, memory and understanding, creative thinking skills and understanding concepts, such as numbers and time.
For example, a stage of important cognitive development for a newborn is to recognize the voice of his mother, a skill he may have reached before birth, according to the authors of “Life-Span Human development”. “The development of children’s cognitive skills becomes closely associated with the development of their language skills.
By language, children can begin to structure their thinking, improve their memory and learn more about their world.
For example, between the ages of 9 and 12 months, babies begin to point to objects of interest with their index finger. The realization of this stage of development invites parents and caregivers to name and talk about the objects that babies point to, thus stimulating the memory and understanding of the infant’s skills.
Language development includes the ability to understand-receptive language skills-and to vocalize-speaking skills. The development of language begins from birth, with the child listening to the sound of voices around it and communicating its feelings and needs by cries and coos.
Depending on the site how children develop, babies at an important speech development stage between the age of 3 and 6 Month Milestones, when they begin to explore the treble sounds by making noises that squeal. Understanding the language of the infant remains in advance of its expressive abilities of the language, explains Dr. Richard Woolfson, in his book “Bright Start “.
Therefore, although children reach the language stage of pronouncing their first recognizable words at the approximate age of 12 months, they understand much more than they can express through speech.
Milestones for the success of social and emotional development of children graphics with skills such as independence, self-esteem, interaction and cooperation with others, self-control and emotional security.
Milestones go from the first smile of a 6-week old baby and the first wave of a 10-month baby to the ability of a 5-year-old to share and cooperate with his peers at school. According to Woolfson, the emotional attachment and special relationship between babies and their parents, especially mothers, has a “huge influence” on the subsequent realization of social milestones and development, such as the emotional security and kindness of Children.